President of the former Yugoslavia Josip Broz Tito
The Brijuni Islands are known for long standing activity of Josip Broz Tito, the president of the former Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia.
Tito first visited Brijuni in 1947, and the Bijela vila (“White villa”) became his official residence in 1953. His last stay on Brijuni was recorded in 1979. Tito spent four months on Brijuni on average, and Veliki Brijun and Vanga were his favorite residences.
Tito was a distinguished statesman and one of the founders of the Non-Aligned Movement. The former president of the former Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia hosted numerous heads of state and party leaders on Brijuni. Brijuni were one of the influential centers of global politics.
Tito governed the state, the Party and the Army from Brijuni
As a nature lover, animal enthusiast and a figure with knowledge of historical and cultural values, Tito has advocated for the protection of forests, landscaping of parks, breeding and settlement of animals, research and preservation of monuments and organizing hotel facilities. Thanks to this choice, Brijuni have been preserved and they have become appealing to domestic and foreign tourists.
Tito and statesmen
On Brijuni, Tito performed a significant part of his state and political activities. During ninety meetings he spoke with presidents, kings and tzars of sixty states, and met with the presidents of governments and ministers of around a hundred countries of the world. On Brijuni, Tito received over two hundred and fifty state and parliamentary, party, trade union, military, scientific-technical and other foreign delegations and twice as many delegations from the territory of former Yugoslavia. He talked with more than 300 chiefs of domestic diplomatic missions and ambassadors accredited to the territory of the former Yugoslavia.
Statesmen and party leaders from the East and West, Africa and Asia and other continents came to Brijuni to exchange advice and start an international initiative with Tito. Among them were Haile Selassie of Ethiopia, Gamal Abdel Nasser, President of Egypt, Jawaharlal Nehru, Prime Minister of India, Houari Boumédiène, President of Algeria, Kenneth Kaunda, President of Zambia, Kwame Nkrumah, President of Ghana, Habib Bourguiba, President of Tunisia, Ahmed Sukarno, President of Indonesia, Hua Guofeng, President of China, Fidel Castro, President of Cuba, Ho Chi Minh, President of Vietnam and Urho Kekkonen, President of Finland.
Tito’s guests on Brijuni were the statesmen and political leaders of the Eastern European countries Nikita Khrushchev, Leonid Brezhnev and Nikolai Podgorny, then Nicolae Ceausescu, Janos Kadar, Edward Gierek, Walter Ulbricht and Yumjaagiyn Tsedenbal.
Tito hosted a large number of monarchs on Brijuni: apart from Haile Selassie, he received Paul, King of Greece, Sihanouk, Prince of Cambodia, Zahir, King of Afghanistan, Pahlavi, Shah of Iran, Olaf, King of Norway, Jean, Grand Duke of Luxembourg, Juliana, Queen of Holland, Elizabeth, Queen of Great Britain, Birendra, King of Nepal, Margaret, Queen of Denmark and Hussein, King of Jordan.
Tito and the Non-Aligned
The Brijuni Islands became known as “the islands of peace” and the “meeting point of the Non-Aligned” thanks to the Tito-Naser-Nehru meeting in 1956, which set foundations for the Non-Aligned politics, as well as to the “Brijuni Declaration”.
Tito left Brijuni for the last time on 29 August 1979 and went to the 6th Conference of Heads of State and Government of Non-Aligned Countries in Havana.
Featured photo: Wikipedia